Derivatives are financial instruments that are based on, or derived from, an underlying asset.
For example, stock options are a derivative of stocks.
Futures and Options are a type of Derivatives investment.
An option is a contract which gives the buyer (the owner or holder of the option) the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset or instrument at a specified strike price prior to or on a specified date, depending on the form of the option.
Call options are financial contracts that give the option buyer the right, but not the obligation, to buy a stock, bond, commodity or other asset or instrument at a specified price within a specific time period.
A call buyer profits when the underlying asset increases in price.
Put options is a contract giving the owner the right, but not the obligation, to sell, or sell short, a specified amount of an underlying security at a pre-determined price within a specified time frame.